This factsheet introduces the principles and strategies of “smart growth,” a philosophy that planners, architects, and developers use to create communities that are walkable, affordable, and offer opportunities for residents to work and shop locally. Communities commonly use smart growth initiatives to avoid or alleviate the negative consequences of sprawl. This factsheet discusses how these approaches can be used to manage growth in concert with conservation, ecology, and quality-of-life values. Visit the EPA Smart Growth Illustrated Web site for visual examples of smart growth techniques being used throughout the United States.
See a complete list of all Changing Landscapes factsheets here.