This factsheet gives an overview of the formative years of planning in America from the late 17th century through the early 19th century. It provides insight into planning and zoning that were influenced by the Progressive Era, social reform, abusive use of natural resources, and laissez-fair capitalism. This factsheet discusses the influence of planning boards on planning in American cities and the realization that zoning could provide orderliness and control of urban development. It expands on how movements such as the City Beautiful Movement, City Practical Movement, and the Environmental Movement made great strides in sound planning, including environmental planning. Finally, it provides a brief conclusion about planning challenges we face today.
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