There are a number of State and Federal policies, regulations, and agencies that provide for the protection and use of natural resources. Environmental review and regulation occur at all levels of government. Congress sets policy and develops standards that it directs States to implement and enforce. Environmental review is most often triggered by development or other impacts on natural resources. The type of resource being impacted(water, soil, vegetation, or wildlife) generally dictates the type of review and potential permit necessary for the planned activity. Review and/or permitting activities are also triggered by Federal funding or applicable Federal regulations (for example, federally regulated industries such as telecommunications and energy). Agencies share responsibilities for implementation and oversight.
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